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Treatment Paths for Macular Degeneration Condition The population of people affected by macular degeneration is as large as ten million annually. Age-related macular degeneration is usually characterized by slow and painful loss of vision especially as the eyes age. The control and focus of the eye, retina, is affected by the eye condition hence making us unable to recognize faces, images as well as distinguish colors. Just as the cameraperson values the lens due to their sensitivity, that is the same sensitivity that is found in the macula; retinal portion of light-sensation. When the macula is in good condition, it’s main role is to collect the images reflected by the eye then via the optic nerve relay them to the brain which in turn interprets them as sight. Eye-care experts are able to determine the course of the macular degeneration even before it happens by using retinal diagnostics. Research has shown no known cause of the disease apart from the fact that as one ages the eyes age too and could cause the degeneration of the macula. If there are certain genes and chromosomes of macular degeneration running in your family, it is possible for you to be infected hence the importance of regular eye examinations. Smoking has a major effect on the macular degeneration which puts you in a bigger risk if you do so. People from the Caucasian origin stand a better chance of infection as compared to those from the Negroid dominated regions. Sunlight exposure has been also found to be cause to the disease. Age has been a large determinant in the breakdown of the sensitivity of the macula region of the eye causing pain and vision loss. If you are 45 years and older, it is important that you have your eyes checked since with age, the degeneration may occur.
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It is important to have retinal examination to know and assess the extent onto which your eyes have been affected. UV rays are well kept out when you use sunglasses when under the sun.If you are diagnosed with dry macular degeneration, you may be referred to a low vision clinic which will be helpful in ensuring that you do not go completely blind.
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At the low vision clinic, the specialists help you in reading and writing whereby the practical bits make your eyes stronger and you are able to carry out your day to day activities. It is important that the affected adhere to dietary and nutrition advice given by the specialists. If you are well able and ready it is important that you go for eye surgery to help in the management of macular degeneration. It is important to talk with your eye specialist to know what course of action is for your condition.